The fundamentals of Vedantic Philosophy
Vedanta is the culmination of knowledge, the sacred wisdom of the Hindu sages, and the transcendental experience of the seers of truth. It is the essence, or conclusion, of the Vedas. As the Upanishads come at the end of the Vedas, so it is called Vedanta. Literally, Veda means knowledge and anta means end.
The main tenants of Vedanta are: 1. Brahman is the ultimate reality, the one without the second. It is Existence-Consciousness-Bliss absolute. It is beyond name and form, devoid of qualities, without beginning or end. 2. The universe is apparent, like water in a mirage, and is continuously changing. 3. Human beings, having their real nature as the Atman, is divine, infinite, eternal, pure, luminous, blissful, and identical with Brahman. They are not sinners. They make mistakes and suffer because of ignorance. 4. To attain the divinity within, it suggests four-fold path of yoga (we shall detail this in the later discourse 5. Truth is one and universal (Chetananda, 2012:16).
(The above extract is from the title ‘Challenges of modern economy and society – Dipping in Vedantic philosophy for answers’ by Chandrashekhar Pandey. A German version of the article is a part of book – “Pandey Chandrashekhar in Klaus von Stosch (Hg.) (2014) Wirtschaftsethik interreligious. ‘HerausforderungenmodernerWirtschaft und Gesellschaft – Auf der SuchenachAntorten in der vedantischenPhilosphie’. Ferdinand Schöningh. ISBN: 978-3-506-77283-1.”)